2021.11.28 03:17 Jimbeambeamer I think my street cat enjoyed her first night at home 😊
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2021.11.28 03:17 Slow-Procedure [sell] Neutrogena Ultrasheer dry-touch sunblock (2 of them)
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2021.11.28 03:17 KaeseKae Celsius - Over $800 in Bonus and Promos after $50 on Signup!
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2021.11.28 03:16 gaitoo135 Don't worry dude, the bike is fine, I am not......!
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2021.11.28 03:16 Paul-Belgium Virtue Furniture Tele-Party Ad, 1950’s.
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2021.11.28 03:16 The_Great_Hound The Amount of misinformation and hate I am seeing against hindus is pathetic. Why are we not able to do anything?
One month ago people were upvoted on the yoga Subbreddit for saying Vedas and yoga aren't hindu. It's like that almost everywhere on reddit. I use facebook and Instagram and nowhere have I seen such targeted hate against hindus anywhere. Just search up hindu and Hindusim and all you can see are negetive things. I wonder why reddit is like this. I am really seriously thinking about leaving reddit due to it.
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2021.11.28 03:16 zoodle313 I’m bored
2021.11.28 03:16 PhantomtheMenacing what does this give
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2021.11.28 03:16 cattttrannn Has anyone seen weeds in water before? Any way to do this on our own islands?
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2021.11.28 03:16 tyforcomingtomytalk I’m worried for my friend because he’s reconnecting with an old toxic friend .
My friend and I have been best friends for ten years now. We’ve watched each other go through all sorts of toxic friendships and toxic relationships and we’ve both grown and helped each other grow in so many ways. Recently, my friend started reconnecting with an old toxic friend from high school. Let’s call my best friend J and the toxic friend K for storytelling purposes. The reason I say K is toxic is because J has always had mental health struggles (depression, anxiety, and more recently, borderline personality disorder) that K has never taken seriously or been supportive through. K has always complained and just brushed off J’s issues and said J is making everything up. K also encourages unsafe smoking and drinking (like doing it while driving) and is just an all-around bad friend. J and K also reconnected about a year prior to this, where K once again brushed off all of J’s issues and said that it’s ridiculous K hasn’t simply “gotten over” his depression, anxiety, and BPD. Now they’re talking AGAIN, and I can already feel J slipping back into bad habits after a lot of good progress was made. J is starting to self isolate, self sabotage, etc. Some examples are J is talking to me less and less, he’s backing out of a roommate ship he had planned with a mutual friend of ours, and he’s slacking at work and not caring if he gets fired (he works from home and he’s just been sleeping through most of it).
It’s getting to the point where I’m almost ready to cut off J because I don’t want to watch him spiral. Am I a bad friend if I do? Am I no better than K at that point?
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2021.11.28 03:16 TheKpopFans1 fardcoin link
2021.11.28 03:16 1thoughtprovoker Love love being pretty for you☺️
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2021.11.28 03:16 ToddJustWorks Praise Todd Howard
2021.11.28 03:16 Zenith5720 Artificer: Lorentz Master - Control the battlefield with magnetic force. Or just become Monsoon.
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2021.11.28 03:16 Kerebon Best XP spot? (Level 44, 43 PS)
2021.11.28 03:16 Lachimolala_yoonji Freedom; A summary of NCERT chapter just to show how based it is
This is a summary of the chapter “Freedom” from class 11th NCERT Political Theory
IN THE MODERN WORLD, freedom has become the forefront of several political crises, clashes, civil wars and debates. People from different parts of the world, in different times throughout history, seem to be ready to go to unimaginable extent to fight for freedom. What is this freedom?
We look at two people who were eminent champions of freedom in their own society. Nelson Mandela and Aung San Suu Kyi. Nelson Mandela was the face of resistance to the segregationist apartheid policies of the colonial regime in South Africa. The black people of South Africa faced humiliation, restrictions and hardships. Simple things as townships, free movement within the country and freedom to choose who to marry were denied. Mandela spent twenty-eight years in jail protesting for freedom. What is this freedom that Mandela was so ready to sacrifice his youth for?
In another part of the globe, much closer to home in Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi inspired by Gandhi, chose non-violence as the means to fight for democracy and human rights in her country. In this struggle, she spent nearly 15 years in detention from 1989 to 2015. During this time, she couldn’t visit her children or her dying husband in London. She feared that if she left the country, she wouldn’t be allowed to return. What is this freedom that Suu Kyi was ready to sacrifice seeing her family for?
Aung San Suu Kyi’s definition of freedom is the freedom from fear. In her book of essays that bears the same title, she says;
“for me real freedom is freedom from fear and unless you can live free from fear you cannot live a dignified human life”.
This is a thought provoking and yet, a simple definition. We must be free to express our opinions without the fear of intervention by an authority. We must not, in her words, be afraid of the opinions of other people, or the attitude of the society towards our choices.
Thus freedom can be defined as a citizens’ ability to do what they wish without intervention from the state, society or any other forms of authority. In a democratic country, that means freedom of expression, association and opposition. In other words, real freedom is the absence of constraints.
But does the freedom of expression allow me to hurt someone else’s sentiments? Does the freedom of association allow me to organize a hate club? Where do we draw the line of how much freedom can be given to a citizen? After all, what may be considered as hate speech by me might not be considered as hate by other fractions of the society.
It is in these seemingly subjective and open to interpret issues, that political theory offers us some clarity. It allows us to define certain things as the basis from where interpretations can begin. All freedoms must have their limits. There must be a line which should not be crossed. This line we draw for freedom is called “The Harm Principle”.
As stated by John Stuart Mill in his essay “On liberty”;
...the sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number, is self-protection. That the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilised community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others.
Mill here produces an important distinction. A citizen must not be free to do anything that causes harm to another. No one, in simple terms, has the right to curtail others’ rights. Doing so must be punished via the interference of the systems of justice.
But we must here, proceed with caution. Any actions of harm must be met with appropriate force of law. Killing someone can be given life imprisonment. However, forming and organizing an association with motives of rallying hate towards one section of the society should only end in the person being banned from public places, or forming organizations for a certain time period. Life imprisonment in this case is not justified.
Then there is minor harm and major harm. Playing loud music in your apartment causes minor harm to your neighbors. This must not be met with the force of law. Constraining an individual’s rights should only happen in cases of serious harm. Otherwise, the society must bear the inconvenience to protect the freedom of the individual.
Thus an important part of freedom in a society is tolerance. The upper caste Hindus consider cow as sacred and eating it, as a crime. This alone however, cannot warrant a law banning everyone from consuming beef. Someone consuming beef causes minor harm to the belief of Hindus. However, they must be tolerant and bear the inconvenience to protect the freedom of other citizens to choose what they want to eat. So unless the argument is animal rights, force of law must not interfere in this case.
Freedom tends to have two definitions in a society. For a citizen, they must be allowed to do whatever they wish within the limits of the harm principle and the society must give that freedom of choice to do what they wish in the form of opportunities. In simple words, it is the absence of external constraints and the expansion of opportunities to express one’s selves. In political theory this is called as negative and positive liberty. The “freedom from” and the “freedom to”.
Negative liberty defines a personal area of freedom that is inviolable. This is an area where no external force should be allowed to interfere. It is sacred. Negative liberty attempts to preserve the dignity of humans. Things like choice of what to wear, whom to marry, where you wish to go, what you wish to watch, belong in the sphere of negative liberty. How much big this area should be, is a topic of several political debates.
Then there is positive liberty. The “freedom to”. This freedom looks at the relationship between the individual and the society and identifies areas in which the society can improve to provide the individual with more freedom and opportunities. Discussions around positive liberty can be traced back to distinguished political thinkers of the likes of Rousseau, Hegel, Marx, Gandhi and Aurobindo. For an individual to have freedom to fully express their talents, the society must provide with adequate structures and systems that aide them in their development. When an individual falls sick, the society must be providing affordable healthcare for their treatment. These ideas form the basis of arguments for positive liberty.
Negative liberty would like to maximize the defined inviolable area whereas positive liberty tries to empower the society, and thereby the individual, with resources.
Sometimes, it so happens that tyrants invoke the name of positive liberty to justify their rule.
To prove this, let us once again return to Myanmar. When the Myanmar Military took over the country as a military dictatorship in 1948, they justified the absence of federalism by arguing that federalism is anti-national, anti-unity and pro-disintegration.
Essentially, the military junta argued that the centralization of power in their hands was necessary for increased positive liberty of the citizens. Almost all aspects of society (business, media, production) were nationalized or brought under government control under the Burmese Way to Socialism which combined Soviet-style nationalization and central planning. This however also led to decreased negative liberty of the people. Not even basic freedoms such as freedom of expression were given.
In another example, modern day China under the one party rule of Chinese Communist Party, offers little of democratic or political freedom. Only one party is allowed at the center, thus restricting freedom of expression. But the transformation that China went through, economically, cannot be ignored. Several years of reforms and policies by the CCP has led to China being the fastest growing economy in the world today. In this process, there was oppression. There were human rights violations. But all the absence of negative liberty could easily be “justified” by the flowering positive liberty. Today’s youth in China lead a good life as a result of this positive liberty but are still devoid of political freedoms. For this reason, it must not hurt to wonder; are political freedoms necessary if one is able to lead a satisfactory life?
One thing is however clear. Freedom, and other rights, though guaranteed by constitution are not absolute. They have to be fought for, challenged, and protected every moment. Even the smallest violation of freedom must call for appropriate protests and debates. It is such debates that keep a democracy alive and engaging. And it is with such protests that we know democracy is working. The system of freedom and democracy our ancestors fought to keep in place thumps its chest in pride every moment someone steps forward and challenges it freely, without fear.
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2021.11.28 03:16 hippoboii Planning my living room. Open to advice! Is the darker or lighter couch better?
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2021.11.28 03:16 pinoygamerph Millions of Free Fire fans celebrate Battle In Style with its first-ever interactive livestream
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2021.11.28 03:16 cookingandcraft Mango payasam.
2021.11.28 03:16 Austinator224 To whomever stole my new phone at the concert...
2021.11.28 03:16 Sad-Increase9626 Libyan G25 and ancestry results:
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2021.11.28 03:16 natural_locality If someone couldn’t taste or feel pain, would they feel the carbonation in sodas?
2021.11.28 03:16 Big-Winner3903 Can someone manifest for me? Idk how
2021.11.28 03:16 eggpudding389 I married a cow after it kissed me and followed me upstairs like my late husband – I believe it’s his soul...
2021.11.28 03:16 rainthemfkidd Some people never learned history, and it shows...
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